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The Grand Mismatch

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The Grand Mismatch Empty Re: The Grand Mismatch

Post  nirvana Mon Dec 13, 2010 11:02 am

cena2020 wrote:
The main occupation of the hill farmers is agriculture. They usually construct terraces for cultivation known as nala with risers known as pusata. These terraces are small but there are many of them. In one acre of landholding a farmer possesses 50 nalas. In these it is possible to manage to rainwater. Construction of terraces depends upon space and grades of land. The farmers, with their expertise, are able to prepare fields for crop production.

According to scientific recommendations cultivation is allowed to 33 per cent of land slope. But in the hills, farmers are able to make terraces from top to bottom of the mountain terrain without taking into account the land slope. With terraces they construct loose boulder retention walls (risers) by putting grass over them. These grasses keep both stones and the land intact.

Cement and sand are scarce materials in the hills. In making risers farmers simply arrange boulders of the proper size along the terrace wall. It retains the soil perfectly and gradually gets stabilised.

Farmers make the slopes of the terraces inwards to check soil erosion and enhance in situ moisture conservation. Soils are gravelly and have a high rate of percolation. Due to rainwater retention enough moisture becomes available to the crops.

On mild slopes farmers construct shoulder bunds to protect their lands from soil erosion and grow vegetation over the bunds, particularly grasses for binding the soil.

Farmers of the hill region used to make brushwood or longwood check dams across the drainage channels for controlling soil loss by means of local materials. They are economical. Gabion walls and stone check dams are by and large cost intensive and beyond not affordable to hill farmers.

Farmers in the Doon Valley in order to train torrents use Ipomea carnea and Arando donex plants sps. as vegetative spurs, and they are found to be very successful.

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Dutch nursery abuse arrest prompts major inquiry

Dutch police said the suspect had worked at creches and as a childminder
A 27-year-old man who worked in at least two nursery schools has been arrested in Amsterdam on suspicion of abusing 30 to 50 young children.

Robert M - as he was named by police - was detained last Tuesday and more than 50 parents were contacted on Sunday.

A spokeswoman for the Dutch public prosecution service described the case as "huge" and "unprecedented".

The suspect was identified after a two-year-old boy's picture was shown on Dutch TV as part of a US inquiry.

Police said he had also worked as a childminder in the Amsterdam area.

They said they were trying to establish whether other people were involved in the alleged abuse of young children up to the age of four.

The man's male partner, 37, has been detained on suspicion of possession of child pornography.

Another employee at a nursery where Robert M, originally from Latvia, worked is also being held.

US investigation

The case began when US authorities informed Dutch police that a photograph seized in a separate investigation had originally been taken in the Netherlands.

After the picture was broadcast on a Dutch TV crime show, the victim's parents are said to have come forward.

The Dutch public prosecution service said that medical and psychological help was being offered to all the families connected to the two nurseries.

"With regard to the abuse of small children, this is huge and unprecedented [for the Netherlands]," spokeswoman Ruth Gorissen told the BBC News website.

The mayor of Amsterdam, Eberhard van der Laan, told a news conference on Sunday night that the case involved "serious suspicion of grave abuse".

Meanwhile, Dutch media reported that a mother who had suspected that her child had been abused at one of the nurseries in 2008 complained she had not been taken seriously by either the nursery or the police.

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